Abdominal Fat may Lead to Diabetes, say Health Experts
30-05-2018 | Posted By: Chhavi | 2142 View(s)
Being obese or overweight is not good for health, and everyone knows it. But not everyone knows that abdominal fat is the worst one. Abdominal fat may cause type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Various studies have been conducted to confirm the hypothesis, and it has been found that abdominal fat may either cause or relate to the cause of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes. The studies also claim that women, in particular, could be at increased risk of cardiometabolic risk if they have a higher waist-to-hip ratio.
What is the Relation between Abdominal Fat and Diabetes?
The distribution of body fat differs from person to person. Some people carry more fat around their visceral organs, also called abdominal adiposity (fat), while others carry fat on their thighs and hips.
Some of the other researchers have found that belly fat is dangerous when inflamed. Many studies have been conducted earlier which claimed that inflammation in the adipose tissue leads to cardiometabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance.
Observational studies conducted previously have indicated that abdominal fat is linked with coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Excess fat in the body increases the chances of developing diabetes, but fat in the midsection is the most harmful type.
Experts from Massachusetts General Hospital in the US found that people having an apple-shaped-body or a genetic predisposition to “abdominal adiposity” are more likely to develop conditions like type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease.
A study published in the journal JAMA examined the pattern of gene variants associated with the body shape in which weight is deposited around the abdomen, rather than in the thighs and hips.
The experts used data from a previous study that identified 48 gene variants associated with waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for the body-mass index to develop a genetic risk score. The researchers used this risk score against 6 previous genome studies and to individual data from the UK Biobank, assessing data on more than 400,000 people.
The experts found that having a genetic predisposition to abdominal adiposity is associated with increases in the incidence of diabetes (Type 2) and coronary heart disease, along with an increase in blood glucose, systolic blood pressure and blood lipids.
The experts further conducted a study to test whether genetic predisposition to abdominal adiposity was associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease or not. The study claimed that abdominal adiposity increases the risk of these conditions.
There was a lack of connection between the body type genetic risk score and other factors such as smoking and diet, which provided strong evidence that abdominal adiposity itself contributes to causing heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
The bottom line is that abdominal fat may put you at an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease. As the adage goes ‘Prevention is better than cure’; if you have belly fat, start exercising to lose fat around the belly. Eat a healthy diet, stay away from stress, and get enough sleep to lose belly fat.