The Basic Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of High Cholesterol

The Basic Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of High Cholesterol

09-01-2019   |   Posted By: Chhavi   |   446 View(s)

Cholesterol is an essential substance for the body; however, if the levels in the blood get too high, it becomes dangerous and might lead to serious health diseases such as Hypertension, Peripheral Vascular Diseases, Chest Diseases, Heart Attacks and Strokes. High Cholesterol is thus dangerous for our health, and we must take steps to avoid this health condition.

Cholesterol is a fat-like substance which is produced by our liver. It is a fat which is required in a certain amount of the blood so that our body can function properly. The blood in our body flows freely through the arteries and veins when the Cholesterol levels are in normal range. However, when the cholesterol levels start to increase, it gets deposited on the walls of arteries forming clots (plaques).

Lipoproteins are the particles which carry Cholesterol through the blood. There are two types of Cholesterol:

1. LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein) which is also known as the “bad cholesterol.” It is the kind of cholesterol which can raise your risk of heart attacks and stroke.
2. HDL (High-Density Lipoprotein) is called the “good cholesterol”. This type of cholesterol helps in lowering the risk of heart diseases, heart attacks and stroke.

Causes of High Cholesterol

High levels of cholesterol are a result of both modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors mean that the person can do something to change those risk factors and reduce the chances of having High level of Cholesterol in blood.

Two major modifiable risk factors for High Level of Cholesterol are:

1. Diet
There are certain foods which increase the levels of cholesterol in the body such as Meat, cheese, egg yolks, chocolates, dairy products, etc. If someone consumes too much of saturated and Trans fat foods, their cholesterol will increase. Thus, this risk factor can be modified by in taking foods which are cholesterol free.

2. Exercise
Not working out is another cause of having high cholesterol in the body. When we don’t exercise, it increases the level of LDL in the blood which increases Cholesterol level in the body. Thus, to avoid this one must work out daily.

Other Risk Factors Include:

1. Obesity
If you have a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater, it will increase your risk of having High level of Cholesterol.

2. Age
Cholesterol tends to increase with age, particularly increases after the teenage.

3. Genetic
If any of your family members have or had high cholesterol chances are that you may also have it.

4. Health Conditions
There are certain health conditions such as Diabetes, Liver Diseases, Kidney Diseases, Underactive Thyroid Gland, etc. which can increase the cholesterol level in your blood.

5. Medications
There are certain medications which can increase the level of cholesterol in the blood.

Symptoms of High Cholesterol

High Cholesterol is called the “silent killer” as typically it does not cause any symptoms. Most of the times, it causes only emergency events. For instance, a stroke or a heart attack can be a result of the high level of cholesterol.
Normally, these events do not occur until high cholesterol leads to the formation of plaque in the arteries. When the plaque is formed in the arteries, it narrows the arteries so that less blood can pass through and also changes the makeup of arterial lining which can lead to serious complications.

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Some of the signs and symptoms that show that you might have High Level of Cholesterol are:

1. Stroke

It is caused by a blockage in one of the arteries in the brain or neck. It is a serious medical emergency, and one must know the symptoms of stroke so that can seek immediate medical treatment if they have any of the symptoms. These symptoms include:
• Sudden loss of coordination and balance
• Sudden dizziness
• Inability to move
• Feeling confused
• Slurring words
• Facial asymmetry
• Numbness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
• Double vision, Blackened vision or blurred vision
• Severe Headache

2. Heart Attack

A Heart Attack occurs when our heart becomes damaged, or part of the heart begins to die due to lack of oxygen. The symptoms of a Heart Attack are:

• Tightness, pain or aching in the arms or chest.
• Not able to breathe
• Feeling anxious
• Dizziness
• Fatigue
• Nausea
• Indigestion or heartburn

3. Angina

Angina is mostly the result of underlying coronary artery disease. The symptoms include:
• Chest Pain
• Nausea
• Fatigue
• Feeling Short of breathe
• Pain in the jaw, neck, upper abdomen and back
• Indigestion or heartburn
• Feeling light-headed
• Sweating

These symptoms mentioned above must be known to everyone so that can seek immediate medical treatment and prevent these health conditions.

Test and Diagnosis

High cholesterol can be diagnosed with a simple Blood Test called a Lipid Panel. You need to consult your Doctor before going for the test to know all the instructions and the procedure. The Doctor will ask you not to drink or eat anything for at least 12 hours before the test.
Then your blood sample will be taken and send to the laboratory for analysis. A lipid panel measures your total cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol and triglycerides.
Once the Doctors diagnose that you have a high level of cholesterol, they will provide you with some medications and some health tips to reduce the level of cholesterol in the body.

Prevention of High Cholesterol

You can prevent the chances of having High Level of Cholesterol in your body by making some lifestyle changes. Those changes are as follows:

1. Eat Healthily

Include those foods in your diet which are healthy and are low in cholesterol. Eat vegetables, fruits and fibre-rich foods. Limit the intake of foods which have saturated and trans fat such as dairy products, meat, chocolates, etc.

2. Exercise Daily
We all know that exercise is very good for our health. However, due to the hectic schedule, many people are not able to exercise. But still, you must take some time out of your busy schedule and exercise daily.

3. Quit Smoking
‘Smoking is injurious to health’ is a tag line that you must have seen at many places. It is rightly said that smoking damages our health and so you must quit smoking to avoid the chances of having a high level of cholesterol.

4. Maintain an ideal Weight
To prevent the chances of having a high level of cholesterol in the body, you must maintain an ideal weight. This can be achieved by eating proper food at an appropriate time and exercising regularly.

This is a serious health condition and most of the times people don’t get to know that they are suffering from Cholesterol problem. Thus, the best thing you can do to prevent such conditions is taking a healthy diet and working out. Also, you must go for a regular Health Checkup to monitor your cholesterol level. Consult a Physician or a Cardiologist if you have High level of Cholesterol.

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