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Diseases

Gangrene

30-09-2014   |   352 View(s)

Gangrene is a condition that arises when a considerable mass of body tissue dies (necrosis) . This may occur after an injury or infection, or in people suffering from any chronic health problem affecting blood circulation. Gangrene is primarily caused due to reduced blood supply to the affected tissues that leads to cell death. Diseases like diabetes and long-term smoking increase the risk of gangrene. It can affect any part of the body but typic. Read more...

Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

30-09-2014   |   325 View(s)

Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic symptom of mucosal damage that is caused due to entry of acid from stomach into the esophagus. The esophagus is a long tube of muscle than runs from the mouth to the stomach. Normally once the food is chewed, it goes from the mouth to the esophagus and then into the stomach, where it is mixed with the acidic gastric juice for digestion. The esophagus and the stomach are separated by a sphincter. Read more...

Goitre

30-09-2014   |   356 View(s)

The term “goitre” simply refers to the abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. The swelling of thyroid gland which further leads to a swelling of the neck or larynx (voice box). It can be associated with a thyroid gland that is functioning properly or not. The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just in front of the windpipe (trachea). It produces thyroid hormones, which helps to regulate the body's metabolism (the. Read more...

Glaucoma

30-09-2014   |   336 View(s)

Glaucoma is a term used to describe a group of ocular disorders with multi-factorial etiology united by a clinically characterized by intraocular pressure-associated optic neuropath. It is normally associated with increased fluid pressure in the eye (aqueous humour). High intraocular pressure (above 21 mmHg or 2.8 kPa) is the most important and only variable risk factor for glaucoma. However, some may have high eye pressure for years and never de. Read more...

Gonorrhea

30-09-2014   |   322 View(s)

It is a common human sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhea. It is most common in young adults. The bacteria that cause gonorrhea can infect the genital tract, mouth, or anus. Gonorrhea generally spreads during vaginal, oral, or anal sexual encounter with an infected partner. A pregnant woman can pass it to her baby during childbirth. The usual symptoms in men are burning with urination and penile discharge. Wo. Read more...