Essential Tests For Diabetics
Here is a list of Essential Tests for Diabetics to take care of their Health.
Done after having 75 gm of glucose in ■ 200 ml of water 2 hours after the fasting test. Readings indicate: <140: Healthy >200: Diabetic 140-199: Pre-diabetic Frequency: Monthly, once or twice a week if you’re on insulin
Cost: `50-`300, free at govt hospitals.
(HbA1c) Gives average blood sugar for last three months. Final reading should be 6%-7%. For those above 65 with complications such as heart disease, it should be 7.5%
Frequency: Once in three months Cost: `500-`600
DILATED EYE EXAM
To identify early nerve damage to retina
Frequency: Annual Cost: Consultation fee, `500-`1,300
For adults with diabetes, blood pressure ■ should be under 130/80 mmHg, people over 65 years should keep it less than 135/85 mmHg. Frequency: Monthly, weekly if erratic Cost: `100-200, free with every consultation
PERIPHERAL ARTERY DISEASE
Set of tests, including foot exam and ankle-brachial index test to compare blood pressure in the ankle with that in the arm, and Doppler ultrasound
Frequency: Annual Cost: `2,500 – `5,000 for a Doppler test
Blood tests to measure cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Levels should be: Total cholesterol: <200 mg/dL
Bad cholesterol (LDL): <75-100mg/dL HDL: <40 mg/dL (men); <50mg/dL
(Women) Triglycerides: <150mg/dL Frequency: Biannual Cost: `500–`1,000