Prediabetes : Symptoms,Diagnosis & Precautions
01-01-2016 | Posted By: Admin | 1341 View(s)
Prediabetes is the knock on your door when you are on the way to enter the stage of diabetes. In the prediabetic condition, your blood sugar level will be higher than normal which is going to touch the diabetic level if you do not take necessary actions. Prediabetes is the cautionary note. In this stage, the range of the glucose level in the blood is not that high in comparison with the diabetic level. It is a hint of developing type 2 diabetes in future if you do not make necessary changes.
It is also known as borderline diabetes. Insulin, a hormone is formed by your body which helps in controlling the level of blood sugar. In pre-diabetic stage, this system does not work vigorously than it should normally. Your body will fail to form enough insulin or will not respond appropriately to insulin.
Symptoms of Prediabetes:
Diabetes develops gradually. So in the prediabetic stage, you may not witness any symptoms. But on the other hand, you may also notice some of the symptoms which are as follows:
• You will feel more hungry than you normally feel.
• You will lose weight even if you are eating appropriately.
• You will be thirstier than normal.
• Frequently visit the loo.
• You will be more tired than in normal times.
All these above-mentioned symptoms are typically related to diabetes. So in the prediabetic stage, you may witness them.
Fasting Plasma Glucose Test
You have to fast near about 8 hours for taking this particular blood test. If the blood sugar level reaches 100, then it is normal. If it is more than that, then it is the prediabetic range, and if it climbs higher after 125, then you are diabetic.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
After the fasting blood test, you have to consume a sugary solution. After two hours, you have to take another test. In this test, the normal range is not more than 140. If it is 140 to 199, then it is the prediabetic range, and if it is more than 200, then you have diabetes.
Average Blood Sugar Test
This particular blood test represents one’s average level of blood sugar for the last 2 to 3 months. Doctors usually prescribe this test to diagnose diabetes or prediabetes. This test also helps in showing whether your blood sugar level is under control or not if you already have diabetes. The normal level of this test is less than 5.6%. If it is 5.7% to 6.4%, then it is the prediabetic range and if it is 6.5% or above then it is the diabetic range.
The three essential precautionary measures which you must adopt to prevent prediabetes from becoming diabetes are as follows:
If you’re are overweight then the prediabetes will easily transform into diabetes. Reducing body weight is a must. Even if you are reducing 5 to 10 %, then also it will make a difference.
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Do the tolerable exercise for 20 to 30 minutes a day like swimming, jogging, cycling, etc. as it helps in preventing and managing diabetes.
Put a limit on calories, sugar, starchy foods, etc. Choose meals which include low-fat protein, whole grains and vegetables. Try to have rich fibre foods which will make you feel full and will restrict you from eating too much.
If you can adopt the precautionary measures properly, then you can surely prevent prediabetes from becoming diabetes.
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